Được dạy bởi Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
Dịch Việt: Việt Hùng
Lời người dịch: Trong các bài Hỏi & Đáp như vậy, tôi sẽ chủ yếu dịch thoát ý, chứ không chặt chữ. Một mặt đây là việc tôi làm để có thể nghiền ngẫm phần trả lời của Sư Yuttadhammo. Một mặt, tôi chia sẻ lại đây, và hy vọng nó hữu ích cho các thiền sinh Vipassana tham khảo.
Bài pháp ngắn này được đăng tải trên Youtube vào ngày 09/02/2012. Phần English transcript ở cuối bài. Link Youtube của bài nói ở đây: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eBVk0-pwlF0
Mặc dù đã cố gắng tốt nhất trong khả năng của mình, tôi chắc chắn không thể ghi xuống được một cách chính xác 100% tất cả các từ ngữ, đặc biệt là các từ Pali mà Sư đề cập trong bài pháp. Tôi sẽ tiếp tục cập nhật bản ghi, bất cứ khi nào tôi thấy được những điểm còn thiếu sót.
Con xin thành kính đảnh lễ tạ ơn Sư Yuttadhammo về bài pháp thoại ngắn quí báu này. Con nguyện cho Sư được mọi thuận lợi và sức khoẻ trong hành trình tâm linh của Sư.
Các bạn có thể tìm hiểu thêm thông tin của Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu và các lời dạy của Sư tại trang web: https://www.sirimangalo.org/.
English Transcript (quickly jotting down)
Question: During meditation, if one feels anger building up, breathing increases, frowning, mood changes and pain, should one try to actively discard them with positive thoughts, metta, calming the breath, etc., or just watch it and see that also passes away?
[Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu] You want to start to finish?
[Bhikkhu A] I think this could depend if it’s just happening in meditation, then I say stick with it and watch it. If a person is naturally angry, person maybe has an explosive temper or something just in normal life, then I think practicing metta and such, along with their normal practice can be good. But if it’s just something arising while you’re sitting in meditation, then I just say sit with it and watch it.
[Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu] And it’s a very good and succinct answer, doesn’t have much to do really. But I would say one thing is that on top of that if it continues to come up in meditation, you can use lovingkindness, suppose you practice vipassana meditation and watch the anger saying to yourself, angry, angry, being clear about it as just being something that has arisen and will cease and so on, not just being aware of the anger, but also being aware of the pain and the other things involved, because anger is only a very small part of what we ordinarily consider to be the breathing increases. That’s not anger, that’s breathing increasing, the frowning. That’s not anger. That’s physical. The pain in the head, the pain in the body, the tension in the body. That’s also … none of it is anger. It’s physical and it’s body and it’s feelings.
But when you see when you see that this sort of thing is building up, you might want to inclined towards augmenting your practice with loving kindness. And it’s for this reason that we have these meditations as the [Pali] the meditations which protect you. So we will practice loving kindness to all beings, to beings that we have problems with. When you have a difficulty with someone, then at the end of your meditation, you’ll reaffirm you might not even call it loving kindness, but you could say a reaffirmation of your intentions. You’re setting your mind in the right way. So, suppose you’re practicing vipassana meditation and when you think of someone, you get really angry and you say angry, angry. And so your mind is bent out of shape. When your mind has been out of shape, you’re not really being mindful. You’re saying angry, angry, but you’re really angry. When you set your mind in the right way with with loving kindness or what appears to be loving kindness, it’s also a determination [Pali], saying to yourself, ‘no, my intention is that this person should be happy, not that they should suffer’. My intention is that they should gain, not that they should lose and so on. When you when you send these loving thoughts, you’re reaffirming your intention. So that when you go back and practice with vipassana, you’re clear about this. And when the anger comes up, you’re clear that that’s not what you want and that really makes it easier.
It’s the difference between view and defilement. The view locks the defilement in place when you believe that your anger is justified. This person hurt me and they should suffer, that’s proper for them to suffer, because of… Then it locks the anger. You can’t deal with it. You can say angry, angry, angry as much as you want. It’ll never go away. So this is an example of how loving kindness can be useful, not only to suppress and to change the mind state, but also to change one’s view. Because when you say to yourself ‘may they be happy’, you’re inclining to a view that they should be happy, that it’s proper for them to be happy. You’re saying to yourself, this is what is correct. This is what I truly believe in, as an example.