Được dạy bởi Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu Dịch Việt: Việt Hùng
Lời người dịch: Trong các bài Hỏi & Đáp như vậy, tôi sẽ chủ yếu dịch thoát ý, chứ không chặt chữ. Một mặt đây là việc tôi làm để có thể nghiền ngẫm phần trả lời của Sư Yuttadhammo. Một mặt, tôi chia sẻ lại đây, và hy vọng nó hữu ích cho các thiền sinh Vipassana tham khảo.
Mặc dù đã cố gắng tốt nhất trong khả năng của mình, tôi chắc chắn không thể ghi xuống được một cách chính xác 100% tất cả các từ ngữ, đặc biệt là các từ Pali mà Sư đề cập trong bài pháp. Tôi sẽ tiếp tục cập nhật bản ghi, bất cứ khi nào tôi thấy được những điểm còn thiếu sót.
Con xin thành kính đảnh lễ tạ ơn Sư Yuttadhammo về bài pháp thoại ngắn quí báu này. Con nguyện cho Sư được mọi thuận lợi và sức khoẻ trong hành trình tâm linh của Sư.
Question: So this is a question on whether awful states of mind or negative states of mind are addictions and so on are considered wrong concentration – micchā-samādhi?
I’m not really sure about the technical details here. But just off the top of my head, micchā-samādhi – wrong concentration is when you focus your mind on something that is associated with negative states. So this is at least bordering on wrong concentration. But I think the point here is that these things are probably arising on their own. So there’s probably no conscious focus on it. Wrong concentration is when you deliberately focus on something negative and and encourage it or incorporate it into your meditation like greed or anger. But when the states come up, then we’re not talking about wrong concentration. We’re talking about meditation practice where you’re considering and contemplating the negative and positive states, which according to the tradition it’s perfectly proper and correct to contemplate. So I would encourage the contemplation of these things to see that they are negative and to see that they are unhelpful, to see for yourself, not just pushing them away and trying to forget about them. They shouldn’t be repressed. They shouldn’t be forgotten about or ignored. They should be analyzed and understood. And once you understand them, you’ll be able to let go of them. Simply by saying to yourself, liking, liking, wanting, wanting, or focusing on the feelings associated with it, as in happy, happy, or if it’s a negative one, angry, angry, pain, pain or so. OK, so I wouldn’t worry about these things. But obviously paying very close attention to them, not encouraging them, not tolerating them in the sense of thinking it’s OK to follow your addictions and so on. They should be very carefully acknowledged, contemplated and discarded, for being negative. OK, I hope that clears that up. It’s not wrong that these things are coming up. But they shouldn’t be encouraged and they certainly shouldn’t be focused on. OK, keep the questions coming.
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