Được dạy bởi Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
Dịch Việt: Việt Hùng
Lời người dịch: Trong các bài Hỏi & Đáp như vậy, tôi sẽ chủ yếu dịch thoát ý, chứ không chặt chữ. Một mặt đây là việc tôi làm để có thể nghiền ngẫm phần trả lời của Sư Yuttadhammo. Một mặt, tôi chia sẻ lại đây, và hy vọng nó hữu ích cho các thiền sinh Vipassana tham khảo.
Bài pháp ngắn này được đăng tải trên Youtube vào ngày 04/11/2011. Phần English transcript ở cuối bài. Link Youtube của bài nói ở đây: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_75wZpgPdQ
Mặc dù đã cố gắng tốt nhất trong khả năng của mình, tôi chắc chắn không thể ghi xuống được một cách chính xác 100% tất cả các từ ngữ, đặc biệt là các từ Pali mà Sư đề cập trong bài pháp. Tôi sẽ tiếp tục cập nhật bản ghi, bất cứ khi nào tôi thấy được những điểm còn thiếu sót.
Con xin thành kính đảnh lễ tạ ơn Sư Yuttadhammo về bài pháp thoại ngắn quí báu này. Con nguyện cho Sư được mọi thuận lợi và sức khoẻ trong hành trình tâm linh của Sư.
Các bạn có thể tìm hiểu thêm thông tin của Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu và các lời dạy của Sư tại trang web: https://www.sirimangalo.org/.
English Transcript (quickly jotting down)
Question: To extend the question about sleeping, I get tired when meditating. Is it better to sleep? And when I’m not sleepy, then meditate.
First, sleepiness is actually a great object of meditation. It’s something that is overlooked, I think, by many meditators. Yeah, sometimes you have to just fall asleep. But the best thing is for that to come naturally. If you fall asleep, you fall asleep. When you’re sleepy first before you go to sleep, try to focus on the sleepiness, focus on the tire, feeling. Because it’s difficult in daily life when you’re not in a meditation center. Because you really are exhausted, a lot of the time from work and just thinking a lot and so much activity. But you can try and focus on this, on the tiredness. And you’ll find that sometimes it gives you energy. Sometimes you’re able to burst the bubble, so to speak, and it just disappears. Suddenly you’re not tired anymore. And you find you have suddenly a lot of energy and you’re able to do a really good meditation. Drowsiness is a hindrance. It’s something that drags you down and stops you from meditating. If you’re able to pierce it and overcome it, you find that suddenly your mind is clear and your practice goes a lot better and meditation can be quite fruitful after that point. So we should be careful not to forget about the state of mind that is fatigue or drowsiness. We shouldn’t forget that it’s a part of the meditation. When it comes up, it’s a valid objective of observation. It’s a good one, too.
There’s two ways. One one way is you’ll get a lot of energy by focusing on, by acknowledging and for example, ‘tyring, tyring’. And the others, you’ll just fall asleep. If you’re really good, it’ll be one or the other. And neither is a problem. The problem with sleeping first and then meditating is that sleep drains your awareness and your mindfulness. We try to have meditators to sleep less and less, and sometimes they don’t even sleep at all. They’ll just do meditation because of, you know, sleep is an uncontrolled state. It’s actually just a construct. Sleep doesn’t have any ultimate reality. We think of sleep as being a necessary part of reality. But it’s only a condition state that we’ve developed as human beings or as I suppose most animals have developed. But it’s not a part of ultimate reality. It’s nothing intrinsic in the mind. It’s just an aspect of this part of this period of our existence that we have a very coarse body and it falls asleep sometimes. So during the time that we’re asleep, the mind is in a specific state that’s not very wholesome. It’s very free to do what it wants and to make assumptions and conclusions. And you know, people will commit dastardly deeds in in their dreams. That can happen. So he can do all sorts of bad things. You can do good things, but sometimes you fight and kill and so, depending on the state of mind. So it usually develops unwholesomeness when you sleep. Most people develop unwholesomeness. So when they wake up, the mind is not fresh, the mind is not clear, it’s clouded and deluded. And you can feel that if you’re in a meditation center, you can feel that after you sleep, you you don’t feel better. You feel actually less sharp and less clear. So you know, you have to sleep as human beings, we do have to sleep. But the important point is to try to sleep mindfully. Before you sleep, do meditation, whether it’s lying, meditation, saying to yourself, ‘rising, falling’, or whether it’s some sitting meditation before you lie down. That’ll help your sleep to be a lot more quiet and a lot clearer. You find you don’t dream so much. Your mind is not so distracted, when you sleep. And you wake up a lot more refreshed. And you can actually find that sleep much more beneficial. And it’s not as much of a hindrance to your meditation.