Được dạy bởi Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
Dịch Việt: Việt Hùng
Lời người dịch: Trong các bài Hỏi & Đáp như vậy, tôi sẽ chủ yếu dịch thoát ý, chứ không chặt chữ. Một mặt đây là việc tôi làm để có thể nghiền ngẫm phần trả lời của Sư Yuttadhammo. Một mặt, tôi chia sẻ lại đây, và hy vọng nó hữu ích cho các thiền sinh Vipassana tham khảo.
Bài pháp ngắn này được đăng tải trên Youtube vào ngày 16/12/2011. Phần English transcript ở cuối bài. Link Youtube của bài nói ở đây: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lmdkLGFSTEg
Mặc dù đã cố gắng tốt nhất trong khả năng của mình, tôi chắc chắn không thể ghi xuống được một cách chính xác 100% tất cả các từ ngữ, đặc biệt là các từ Pali mà Sư đề cập trong bài pháp. Tôi sẽ tiếp tục cập nhật bản ghi, bất cứ khi nào tôi thấy được những điểm còn thiếu sót.
Con xin thành kính đảnh lễ tạ ơn Sư Yuttadhammo về bài pháp thoại ngắn quí báu này. Con nguyện cho Sư được mọi thuận lợi và sức khoẻ trong hành trình tâm linh của Sư.
Các bạn có thể tìm hiểu thêm thông tin của Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu và các lời dạy của Sư tại trang web: https://www.sirimangalo.org/.
English Transcript (quickly jotting down)
[Bhikkhuni] Yeah, the latter. In general, it could be said, be mindful on that, which is the most prominent in the present moment. When the breath is the most prominent, then on the breath. If there’s anything else, if there’s thinking going on of course, say thinking, thinking, thinking. And everything else that occurs anywhere, in the body or in the mind can be noticed. We have the four foundations of mindfulness: body, feeling mind, and mind objects. So there is nothing wrong to note mindfulness of thoughts or to be mindful of breathing.
[Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu] The only one condition I would add is: if there’s nothing prominent, we tend to always go back to the breath. And this is the question that is asked more common than one might think. Because there’s the misunderstanding that we are encouraging people to ignore things that our practice is somehow ignore it. Stick with the breath. And that’s not what we teach.
The teaching is that when there’s nothing prominent, when there’s there’s nothing else to be mindfulness, mindful about it, in order to stay in the present moment and not get lost in thought, come back again to the breath and stick with that. Because you’re developing wholesome qualities. Just fall naturally back into: what is here, what is now, what is going on. Because it’s a good exercise. It’s something that is prominent, something that is obvious, something that, as I said before, it can have incredible results in terms of teaching you about impermanence, suffering in and non-self. The one complaint people always have, as I’ve said before about this practice, is how unpleasant it is to watch the stomach and you feel like you’re forcing someone else to even today on the forum. Can I do Tibetan mantras? Because there’s rising, falling thing. I just feel like I’m controlling the breath and I can’t stop controlling. That’s the point. The point is to see that to see, first of all, that you are controlling it, that you can’t control the controlling and that the controlling leads to suffering. The purpose of the practice is wisdom, is insight to see things as they are not to develop anything, to cultivate anything, to create anything. The only thing we’re trying to create is clear awareness and understanding. So the more you see that you’re being stupid about this, that you’re practicing incorrectly, the better for you. Because that’s the way you react to everything. That’s how you react in daily life. That’s how you you react to any experience.
I’ve gotten totally off track here, but interesting anyway. The stomach is a very useful object for this. It allows you to see these things quite clearly. And it may be often because of our aversion to looking at something like this and to see these things that we feel like it’s somehow ignoring the rest of experience and might come up with this questions. So be careful and be clear that of course you can focus on the thoughts. But it’s going to have the same results. When you focus on the stomach, you’re going to see impermanence, suffering and non-self, not much fun. When you focus on the thoughts, you’re also going to experience that. You’re going to feel like you’re trying to control your thoughts, like you can’t control your thoughts, that you’re thinking too much. It’s not comfortable. It’s not permanent. It’s not stable. How horrible. Until finally you see it again and again and you realize what how mistaken you are and how wrong your behavior is. And you let go, you adjust and you start to just let the thoughts go and and not dwell on them, not create any ideas about them or opinions or judgments about them and so on.