Được dạy bởi Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
Dịch Việt: Việt Hùng
Lời người dịch: Trong các bài Hỏi & Đáp như vậy, tôi sẽ chủ yếu dịch thoát ý, chứ không chặt chữ. Một mặt đây là việc tôi làm để có thể nghiền ngẫm phần trả lời của Sư Yuttadhammo. Một mặt, tôi chia sẻ lại đây, và hy vọng nó hữu ích cho các thiền sinh Vipassana tham khảo.
Bài pháp ngắn này được đăng tải trên Youtube vào ngày 22/11/2011. Phần English transcript ở cuối bài. Link Youtube của bài nói ở đây: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtqfLZz3sHM
Mặc dù đã cố gắng tốt nhất trong khả năng của mình, tôi chắc chắn không thể ghi xuống được một cách chính xác 100% tất cả các từ ngữ, đặc biệt là các từ Pali mà Sư đề cập trong bài pháp. Tôi sẽ tiếp tục cập nhật bản ghi, bất cứ khi nào tôi thấy được những điểm còn thiếu sót.
Con xin thành kính đảnh lễ tạ ơn Sư Yuttadhammo về bài pháp thoại ngắn quí báu này. Con nguyện cho Sư được mọi thuận lợi và sức khoẻ trong hành trình tâm linh của Sư.
Các bạn có thể tìm hiểu thêm thông tin của Sư Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu và các lời dạy của Sư tại trang web: https://www.sirimangalo.org/.
English Transcript (quickly jotting down)
Question: Ok, question. Isn’t it pretty dangerous to sit in meditation for too long, formal meditation? I have a friend who is a monk and an advanced meditator. He knows monks who have had strokes and blood clots by doing this, by sitting for too long, doing this all day and all night meditation. He did not recommend this.
Um, well, the biggest key is to do a walking meditation. The problem is human beings, guess what, we’re not meant to sit in a static position for 24 hours a day. Have you ever tried lying in bed for 24 hours? Try that and see how it goes. Everyone thinks, oh, sleeping is so wonderful and lying down. The pleasure that comes from it. Now, try doing it for 24 hours. No, we’re not meant to be static. Walking meditation really answers your question, I think. And shows that what that monk is saying from the sounds of it is not accurate. It’s a misunderstanding of what the real problem is. The real problem is not continuous meditation. The real problem is thinking that meditation is only sitting still and attributing the blood clots and so on, therefore to the meditation, which of course it’s not. Meditation is a state of mind and it’s something that can be performed in any position, should be performed in every position. So the Buddhists said, when walking, know I walk. When standing, you know standing. When sitting, you know sitting. When lying, you know, I’m lying down. When walking, going forth and going back, when extending his arm and flexing his arm and so on, note it all. And that’s how meditation should be performed according to the satipatthana sutta.
So, it’s dangerous to sit in meditation for too long. I never encourage people to meditate more than an hour. My teacher once had me do two hours walking, one hour sitting, and then one hour walking, two hours sitting, which is OK. It was actually quite torture. But that’s not so bad. For two hours you can do it.
And the other thing is that blood clots and such often come from a wider range of issues. In Thailand, for example, the food is horrible. The food that the monks get is way too much meat and sugar and fat and so on. And that’s the kind of thing that I would assume leads to blood clots, an incredible amount of meat and fat and so on. So food is definitely an issue. And another one is probably the type of meditation that one practices. Because vipassana meditation actually liberates things like the blood and the body to a great extent. And so as a result, now, I don’t know if I can say that, because in the end, it’s all the body and you still might get blood clots. But there’s a lot of fat monks in the world. And, you know, it’s because either they’re not practicing correctly or even if they’re practicing correctly, people are feeding them horrible food. And yeah, when they do meditation, it can be, uh, when they sit in the wrong position and they sit for a long time, it can have effect on the mind.
But to tell you the truth, I’ve never heard of people having strokes and blood clots based on meditation, but it may happen. I did hear about one monk who sat still for a long, long time, not in meditation. But he sat still for a long, long time teaching people. He got so famous that he would sit there and he had to teach people and sit in the same position for hours and hours and hours. And I think he’s in a wheelchair now. He’s still a very famous monk. But his legs stopped working somehow. This is what I heard. Anyway, I hope that answers your question.